For my first assignment I deiced to take a closer look at the hidden curriculum, and how it has many negative outcomes for many of our students and their success in their later journey in education. Although the use of hidden curriculum are useful often time for us teachers we have to understand the negative impacts it can have for our students with disabilities or that may be on the autism spectrum. I will analyze Brownell J. Cassie article as my main piece which is titled “Starting where you, revisiting what: A letter to a first-year teacher addressing the hidden curriculum”along with“Cultural Factors Related to the Hidden Curriculum for Students With Autism and Related Disabilities” Lee Jung Hyo and Orón José “Revealing the Hidden Curriculum in Higher Education” to express how Brownell’s theory of hidden curriculum having the capability to be oppressive and hurtful to students is in fact true and how not acknowledging that the hidden curriculum is there can be harmful to our students and their futures.
In this week’s reading “Curriculum theory and practice” by Mark K Smith we were presented by four different approaches to curriculum
- Curriculum as a body of knowledge to be transmitted.
- Curriculum as an attempt to achieve certain ends in students – product.
- Curriculum as process.
- Curriculum as praxis
Transmitted- This an effective approach to teaching curriculum to students in the form of a syllabus. Syllabus is different than curriculum, as it is described as a document that contains all the items that will be taught throughout the course, it is a very narrow set in stone way of teaching a curriculum. All of the courses I have taken in the university have been taught this way. With this method you are able to teach many of the things you need to and may want to and a fairly quick past, although the main drawback with this is the fact that is in a way “set in stone” so it does not leave room for questions or more time to be spent on something your students may be struggling with as you will fall behind. Curriculum transmitted also is not suited for all learning types, so many students may struggle with this method.
Product- This method of teaching is set up as technical exercises, and was mainly used as a way for children to be good factory workers. There are many issues to curriculum being transferred to product , The first being that students tend to lose their voices Smith says “They are told what they must learn and how they will do it. The success or failure of both the programme and the individual learners is judged on the basis of whether pre-specified changes occur in the behaviour and person of the learner (the meeting of behavioural objectives). If the plan is tightly adhered to, there can only be limited opportunity for educators to make use of the interactions that occur”; Inturn this can really deteriorate creativity in students etc.
Process– This method is largely based on how students behave and interact. This method is much more inclusive to students of many different abilities and disabilities. Although the process method is much more inclusive, it lacks the important emphasis on the context being taught.
Praxis– In many ways the praxis method is a more developed version of the process model, it adds more of an emphasis on relationship with the students. It does not follow a strict plan making it easier for students to engage and follow along, ensuring no one gets left behind.
Kumashiro defines common sense as certain things or people. It is Important to understand that where and how we grow up gravely affects what we define as common sense. Many times we do not take into consideration what others people’s ideas of common sense are. Kumashiro explains to us when his view of common sense were profoundly challenged when he went to Nepal to teach. He explains how when he was in Nepal his view on meals, washrooms and overall daily activities were challenged. Kumahiro also explains how the schooling he received in the USA was largely different as well, and how as a teacher used to his “common sense” way of teaching was tremendously different to those in Nepal. In Nepal it was common for teachers to hit the student, in fact even encouraged. Grades were only based off of one end of the year test. Which brings up the idea of common sense is often oppressive. Kumashiro brings up the idea of anti-oppressive education, a contest change in how we teach etc. This may be a scary idea to most teachers as we all tend to fear change, but this is the only way education can be equal to all.
Welcome to my blog!
I created this blog to document my journey to becoming a teacher. I am currently enrolled at the University of Regina in my second year K-5 Education program.
I am born and raised in Regina Sask and grew up with four sisters. I graduated from high school in 2017 and took a year off of school to work in a daycare.
I have always had a passion for teaching and love working with kids, so teaching has always been my dream profession.
Brooke St Jean